1. Trim the Stems:
- Use clean, sharp scissors or floral shears to cut about 1-2 inches off the bottom of the flower stems at a diagonal angle. This creates a larger surface area for water absorption.
2. Remove Extra Foliage:
- Remove any leaves or foliage that will be submerged in the water, as they can promote bacterial growth and decay.
3. Use Clean Vase:
- Choose a clean vase that has been washed with mild soap and thoroughly rinsed to prevent bacterial growth.
4. Fill the Vase with Water:
- Use lukewarm water, as it's easier for the flowers to absorb. Fill the vase about two-thirds full.
5. Add Flower Food:
- If you have flower food, mix it with the water in the vase according to the package instructions. Flower food contains nutrients and antimicrobial agents that can help prolong the life of the flowers.
6. Arrange the Flowers:
- Arrange the flowers in the vase as desired, making sure they are not overcrowded. Allow enough space for air circulation between the stems.
7. Change the Water:
- Change the water in the vase every 2-3 days or when it appears cloudy. Clean the vase, re-cut the stems, and add fresh water. Add more flower food if provided.
8. Keep the Vase Clean:
- Remove any fallen petals or debris from the water to prevent bacterial growth. Rinse the vase and change the water if needed.
9. Display in a Cool Location:
- Place the vase in a cool, well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight, drafts, or heating vents. A cooler environment helps to slow down flower aging.
10. Mist the Flowers:
- If your flowers are delicate, you can mist them lightly with water to maintain their hydration. Avoid misting flowers with fuzzy or delicate petals, as it can damage them.
11. Avoid Fruits and Vegetables:
- Keep the bouquet away from fruits and vegetables, as they release ethylene gas, which can accelerate the aging of flowers.
12. Monitor and Remove Wilted Flowers:
- Regularly check your bouquet for wilted or spent flowers and remove them to encourage the remaining flowers to thrive.
By following these steps, you can help your flowers stay fresh and vibrant for a longer period. The exact lifespan of your flowers will depend on the type of flowers and their initial freshness, but proper care can extend their beauty and fragrance.